Architecture & Town planning
The causes of the floods which affected mainly La Plata and the City of Buenos Aires, the uncontrolled growth in cities, fragmentary public policies and the role of urban planner, are some of the topics dealt with by the interview of the architect and specialist in urban planning Eduardo Reese to Argentina Investiga.
Ranches, railway stations and public works are some of the buildings which talk about the development and history of Buenos Aires’ northwest. An investigation analyzes the works which represent different styles and times of the country’s architecture, but which also go beyond the building’s value and talk about cultural, social, touristic, economic, political and productive development of this part of the province.
June 10, 2013 - Architecture & Town planning
Although in the last years the characteristics have changed, the housing deficit in the province of Buenos Aires is historical. To face this problem, a team of professionals elaborated the draft bill for the Promotion of Popular Habitat, which seeks to boost the right to a house and a decent habitat in Buenos Aires, the province which concentrates the 39% of the total population in the country.
The volcanic ashes fallen last year from the volcanic complex Puyehue - Cordón Caulle also has a positive objective in the north extreme of the Patagonia region. A team of researchers designed special bricks which permit to build resistant and efficient structures whereas another group carries out tests to substitute cement with fine volcanic ashes in the building mixture. They evaluate the use of these materials in the building of houses.
The proposal of a group of researchers is to debate with the different actors of the University the signs which identify it. The design of the proposal, which points to build identity signs, will show all the institutional voices and will consider its recent creation and the commitment to the region. Besides, it will reflect its quality of modern university, in terms of the offer of new careers and its objective to contribute to the regional development.
July 02, 2012 - Architecture & Town planning
Caio Gómez, a student of Naval Architecture decided to manufacture, sail and enjoy the traditional Mediterranean boat. It is a sailboat, a competition catamaran which has more than five meters long which was created in the twenties in Barcelona. It can be adapted to many types of water as it sails with only 30 cm depth, apart from being comfortable to be carried, because it has handles which permit to move it easily.
An analysis about the urbanization possibilities in Mendoza’s foothills was carried out by a group of researchers in that province. In the report there are detailed criteria to take into account to build, as there exist dangerous areas which require measures which consider seismic risk. Besides, there are included indexes which reveal factors to avoid water to filter and flood the urban area, a common problem of that zone.
Axel Nielsen, Argentinean specialist in restoration of monuments who lives in Genoa, Italy, where he has a restoration laboratory. He was in Córdoba and talked to InfoUniversidades about his profession’s implications, the nature of his interventions, the role of the State and the University in the protection of artistic and architecture patrimony and the social function of restoration.
Teachers and students from different careers of the UNCuyo carry out a project together with social and state organizations which permit many families from rural areas to make their own houses from traditional knowledge incorporated to bioconstruction methods with thatch. To take care of the environment is priority, as well as anti-seismic methods in a line which combines tradition, identity and technical innovations.
In the School of Architecture and Urban Planning there’s an analysis of recommendations for the environmental design of houses for the native populations of Chaco. There are spatial and formal approximations in which they incorporate cultural modes and architectural forms belonging to the original aboriginal habitat. In order to do that they take into account their perspectives, necessities and priorities, a vision which in the conventional design of houses is not always considered.
In the academic shipyard of the UNQ there are designed and developed boats for a NGO which sails and cleans up contaminated streams in Quilmes. There were already built a catamaran made of plastic and reinforced with glass fiber and basic materials which is designed to sail in shallow water. The students are working on another which will permit to fight the sandbanks formed in the middle of the streams.
In an interview to InfoUniversidades, the director of the Regional Institute for Planning and Habitat, Mirta Romero, warned about a change of paradigm in the preparation for a seism, which includes the concepts of functional and social and organizational vulnerability. When asked about the conclusions of what happened in Chile she stated: “It is a warning, because we will have an earthquake, we don’t know when, but it is going to happen and we have to be prepared to act”.
Ariel Marioni is a student of the FADU and graduated of the Industrial High School. He won the first prize in a contest organized by the enterprise Yakey and created the Salamandra Tri0. The car does not need fuel for functioning, it is silent and small, convenient for the city and it has three wheels, so it is more stable than common vehicles. Marioni’s design was selected among 300 models and as acknowledgement it received money and shares of the enterprise.
The researchers of the School of Architecture work in the development of bioclimatic houses to reduce the traditional energy consumption. They will build four ecologic houses in Tapalqué. With this pioneering experience in the province of Buenos Aires, they advance in the construction of social and ecologic large scale housing solutions for the future.
In Bahía Blanca, university students and teachers are members of a project which helps low resources families. Their objective is to save gas and electricity with simple measures and to make their houses more comfortable. One of the activities they develop is to give lectures about energy and water conservation and small house remodeling to save in these services.