It is the biggest rodent in the world; it can weight more than 80 kg and live up to 10 years in captivity. Capybaras can be considered a significant natural resource, due to their meat, which is an important protein alternative, as well as for their delicate leather, used to produce leather goods and in upholstery. That is why a team of researchers analyzes the specie in its natural habit to evaluate captivity breeding.
Researchers took part in an international scientific development which will permit to reach new advances in the fight against Chagas disease. The studies identified the genome of vinchucas, which will permit to develop new insect control techniques, apart from investigating their interaction with the parasite which causes this disease which, according to the data provided by the Ministry of Health, it causes in Argentina more than ten deaths per week.
The data base, created to investigate biodiversity and climate change, contains around 3 million individual data about 69 thousand plant species. Its creation was possible thanks to the international contribution of scientists from 106 institutions. The initiative, which is new due to the amount of information, as well as due to its global collaborative style, is managed by a coordinating committee formed by Sandra Díaz, researcher from the UNC.
A biological technique to control vinchucas in the north of the province of Salta has shown optimal results in the elimination of the vector which transmits Chagas disease. It is a development for which it is used an endopathogenic fungus stump which is innocuous for the human population. In this zone, the vinchucas are resistant to traditional insecticides used to combat it and which besides, are damaging for the environment and the people.
The province of Mendoza has been included as a high risk group for the transmission of Chagas. The 57% of the population of the urban areas analyzed (children from 6 to 12 years old) live in epidemiologically risk conditions. There is a warning about the need of preventing departing from early detection, implementation of medication plans on time to guarantee the recovery of the diseased and raising awareness in the population.
El crecimiento económico y poblacional de la región está provocando importantes cambios en la urbanización. Los estudios realizados buscan contribuir con los procesos locales y regionales para lograr el desarrollo sostenible. La existencia de un mercado emergente en la ciudad demanda una sociedad que acompañe este proceso.